Susruta Samhita is
the earliest known authoritive treatise on Ayurveda.It was
written by susruta son of viswamitra,who was a pupil of
the sage Divodasa Dhanwantari, the king of kashi and god of
medicine. It is the compilation of the latter’s teachings on
Ayurveda giving a special emphasis on Shalya Tantra(surgery).
It has been written 3000 yrs back.The book available to us is
the redacted version by Nagarjuna, which contains a supplement
added by him called Uttara Tantra.
It is the most ancient document on this branch of medical
science not merely of India but also of the whole world.
It is being studied since long by all
Ayurvedists. Scholers of medicine of western countries also have
undertaken its study in the last two countries and have admired
the achievements of surgeons of ancient India. It has maintained
its popularity as an indisputable testimony of ancient Indian
The book has earned Susruta the title ‘Father of Surgery’. He
classified all surgical operations into eight kinds and also
enumerated 101 types of blunt instruments and 21 sharp
instruments used in surgery, in ayurveda the Indian system of
medicine and health.
Dr. Hoernle, editor of the Bower
Manuscript states that the book must have been revised between
400 and 500 AD. As such, it was written after the Charaka
The Susruta Samhita has six main divisions :
They are, 1. Sutra Sthana
2. Nidana Sthana
3. Sarira Sthana
4. Chikitsa Sthana
5. Kalpa Sthana and
6. Uttara Sthana
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